The city of Prague boasts three extant Romanesque Rotundas. They date from the 11th century. These include the famous Rotunda of the Holy Rood or Cross. The oldest of these round structures, however, is St. Martin’s Rotunda.
The rotunda dates back to the reign of Vratislav II. Between the end of the 11th century and the 14th century, it acted as a Parish Church. Construction of a local fort, however, saw the Rotunda become storage space for gunpowder. Under an assault by the Prussians in 1757, the rotunda sustained a cannonball. It remains entombed in the eastern wall. Soon afterwards, the decision came to remove it for road construction. Instead, in 1878 – 80, reconstruction produced the current façade. It retains a Neo-Romanesque Protal and marble altar. The floor, however, is a reproduction of the original stamped clay. The interior paintings are by F. Sequens. Visit this building while you are touring Vyšhrad.
Please provide this reference number to our customer service center representative on request, so we can help you better