The Punjab was created in 1947 when the partition of India and Pakistan split the area, which is located in the northwest of the country. The word Punjab comes from Persian, and means “Land of Five Rivers”. The five rivers that wend their way through the state are the Beas, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej. The Punjab is famous for its Bhangra music, which is increasingly being used by western musicians. Patiala is the capital city of the Punjab and is filled with palaces and museums. The Moti Bagh palace was built in the 19th century when Punjab was still a princely state and was founded on the lines of the Shalimar Gardens. Amritsar in the Punjab is a Sikh stronghold and Buddhist pilgrimage sight because legend has it the Buddha traveled through this area. The Golden Temple in Amritsar is the Sikh religion’s most holy shrine. It is famous for housing the original most holy book of Sikhism the Guru Granth Sahib. The awesome 16th century temple of Durgaina Mandir is dedicated to Goddess Durga.
Twenty-five kilometers from Amritsar is the town of Tarn Taran, which has several interesting temples and is said that the waters there have healing powers. Jalandhar is the oldest city in the state of Punjab. The city’s Imran Mausoleum and Jamma Masjid is a beautifully sculptured tomb that is close to eight-hundred years old and an attached mosque that is more than four-hundred years old. Vayama.com has many budget hotels throughout the Punjab region that will introduce you to the historic and religious region.
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