Bacoli attractions also include the district of Baia, whose gulf is essentially an ancient volcanic crater, which dates to around 8400 years ago and half of which sank into, and was eroded by, the sea. Today, Baia is known for its center for the purification of mollusks, the largest center of its kind in the southern region of Campania. In terms of tourism, the district is very well known for the great number of important archaeological remains. According to legend, its name derives from “Bajos”, the name of a comrade of Ulysses, who was buried in the area. Since ancient times, Baia was famous for its warm thermal waters, sought after both to indulge in a luxurious pastime and to cure various health issues.
Its location led it to become a popular vacation spot for the Roman upper class. Today, only the hilly part of the district remains, while the rest is found below the sea, due to bradyseismic phenomena. An underwater archaeological park has been created to encompass important architectural and artistic structures below the surface. Excavations in the area have shown that Baia is composed of a stratification of structures, such as villas and thermal establishments, which date to the late Republic era as well as the Augustan era. Among the most important remains, there is the Temple of Diana, the Temple of Mercury and the Temple of Venus, all of which were actually thermal establishments and not places of worship.
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