The province of Parma is located in the northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna; the northern, flatter, part is crossed by the Po River. This area is part of what has become known as “food valley”, thanks to the numerous culinary delicacies present here. The most famous delicacies are the cold cuts, like the Parma prosciutto, and Parmesan cheese. Besides the food, the province offers a number of historical and cultural monuments, mainly linked to the Middle Ages and the Napoleonic era. For example, check out the town of San Secondo to see the Rocca dei Rossi, a castle constructed around 1385, which houses roughly 3000 square meters of frescoes. If you like historical architecture, head to the capital city of the province, also called Parma. Sights to see here include the Cathedral, one of the most impressive example of Romanesque architecture in Italy, and the Baptistery, which marks the city’s transition from the Romanesque to the Gothic style. When you’re visiting Emilia-Romagna for a weekend, Parma should be on your must see list.