The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest Basilicas in Rome, constructed most likely around the 3rd century, and then virtually rebuilt in the 12th century by Pope Innocent II. It is located in a characteristic square by the same name, which is surrounded by aristocratic buildings and contains a fountain at its center. It was actually the first church in Rome dedicated to the Madonna. Most of its current appearance dates to the 12th century and is in Romanesque style. The façade is extremely interesting, decorated by a splendid mosaic that represents the Madonna on the throne.
Furthermore, there is a balustrade, above the 18th century portico, which contains the statues of four Popes. The bell tower dates to the 12th century. The inside of the church is divided into three naves by 22 ancient granite columns that originated in pagan temples. The mosaics inside the church also depict the life of the Madonna. There are a number of other impressive artistic and architectural works housed in the church as well. Tiberina Island, Santa Maria Maggiore and the Monument of Vittorio Emanuele II are also attractions worth visiting.
Address: Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere, 00153 Roma, Italy
Open hours: 7:30 am - 9:00 pm
Phone: +39 06 581 4802
Architect: Carlo Fontana