Venezia Square, or Piazza Venezia, is the topographical center of Rome, and many of the main roads in the eternal city cross in this square. It is also considered one of the connecting links among the various historical periods that have characterized Rome. It is the main square of Rome, the capital of Italy; it was actually the first square in Italy where gas-powered lights were tried. The square that we see today was actually constructed between the end of the 1800's and the beginning of the 1900's, to make room for the impressive Vittoriano, the monument to King Vittorio Emanuele II.
The name of the square derives from one of the most important buildings in the square, called Palazzo Venezia. This building was originally used as a Papal residence in the 15th century and then transformed into a sort of embassy for Venetian delegates in Rome. It is from the balcony of this building that Italian fascist dictator Benito Mussolini gave his long speeches and declared the creation of the Republic on May 9th, 1938. If you’re visiting Venezia Square, take some time to also visit the Campidoglio, Piazza del Popolo and the Roman Forum.