This peninsula runs north from the city of Aukland for 149 miles (240 km), and has a year-round mild climate. The east coast has many bays, harbors, islands, and sandy beaches. This is the perfect place for sailing, swimming, diving, kayaking, and surf-casting. Warm weather and sandy beaches are not the only reasons that the Northland is such a popular tourist destination. This region is also rich in history. The Waitangi National Reserve is where the controversial Treaty of Waitangi was signed between the British and the Maori in 1840. This Reserve is part of the Bay of Islands Historic and Maritime Park. The main center for this popular holiday area is the busy seaside resort town of Paihia. A short ferry trip from Paihia takes you to the town of Russell, the oldest European settlement in New Zealand. Your tour of New Zealand’s Northland should include visits to the magnificent Kauri Forests on the west coast, beautiful Doubtless Bay on the east coast, and Cape Regina at the northernmost tip of the island. In Maori folklore, Cape Regina, with its breathtakingly beautiful sea views, was believed to be the departing place for the souls of the dead.