Burgos is a major city in the region of Castile-Leon in Spain, comprising 172,421 inhabitants. As a population center, Burgos is ancient: archaeological evidence shows that the site was settled by Neanderthals up to 800,000 years ago. Throughout the Middle Ages, Burgos was a major center of trade. Because of this, the city was also a constant point of contention among many factions vying for control over the fate of Spain: Moors, Christians, the French under Napoleon, 19th century Carlist partisans, and Franco's nationalists in the 20th century.
Burgos has more churches than any other city in Spain. Its top three attractions are the 13th century Burgos Cathedral, the Church of Santa Agueda (or "Santa Gadea," its common name), and the Las Huelgas Monastery.